|Mayor||Fiorello Turla (center-left) from 26-5-2014|
|Coordinates||45°43′N 10°05′E / 45.716667°N 10.08333°E 45.716667; 10,083333 (Monte Island)|
|Inhabitants||1 680 (30-4-2020)|
|Fractions||none; see location list|
|Neighboring municipalities||Iseo, Marone, Parzanica (BG), Sale Marasino, Sulzano, Tavernola Bergamasca (BG)|
|Seismic||zone 3 (low seismic)|
|Climate Cl.||zone E, 2 621 GG|
|Patron||Santi Faustino and Giovita|
Position of the municipality of Monte Isola in the province of Brescia
Monte Island (Montìsola or Muntìsola in Bresciano dialect) is an Italian municipality with 1 680 inhabitants of the province of Brescia in Lombardy, which covers the island of the same name as Lake Iseo. He's part of the "The Most Beautiful Borgos in Italy" club.
With a total area of 12.8 km², it is the largest lake island in Italy and in southern and central Europe. In 2019, she was elected as the third best European tourist resort outside internationally recognized cities such as Athens, Amsterdam and Florence.
Although it is often only the name of the municipality, it is the only correct name in Italian. This term was used to refer to the largest seaside island, decades before the municipality was created. Alternatively, it is found with the toponyms Monte d'Island or Peschiera Island. The Italian dialectal Montisland is often used as well, but this practice is considered to be an embarrassment and therefore incorrect, while the use of the word Mont'Island is correct.
It is a common belief that Monte Island is Europe's largest lake island; however, this idea is wrong: It is the largest lake island in Italy. In Europe, there are many more surface lake islands, such as Hurissalo (Finland) with 172 km² or Mantsinsaari (Russia) on Ladoga with 102 km².
The highest point of Mount Island is due to the height of its mountain, which reaches 600 m.l.m. The island is accessible by ferry from both the bresciana and the bergamasca shore. On the bresciana shore, the main harbors are the ports of Sulzano and Sale Marasino from which the localities of Peschiera Maraglio and Carzano are respectively reached. The island is also accessible from the bergamasca shore, starting from Tavernola Bergamasca with daily links. From 18 June 2016 to 3 July 2016, it was possible to reach on foot from Sulzano to Peschiera Maraglio, thanks to a float by artist Christo.
Only residents' motorcycles may be used and motor vehicles may not be transported there. You can move by bicycle or by using the public bus service.
The vegetation includes many olive trees that come from the southern coast between Pupchiera Maraglio and Sensole (from the Latin Sinus olis, which means "oil inlets"), while tree species typically characterize the north and the upper parts of the mountain.
Here is a complete list of locations:
- Loc. Siviano (town hall)
- Loc. Port of Siviano
- Loc. Maraglio
- Loc. Carzano
- Loc. Noval
- Loc. Lie
- Loc. Masses
- Loc. Olzano
- Loc. Homeless
- Loc. Cure
- Loc. Sensole
- Loc. Sinchignan
Completely bush in antiquity, Montisland had a pagan temple on its top. On the island, the presence of Roman valleys has been confirmed.
In the fifth century AD, she was Christian by the Bishops of St. Vigil. The first historical source refers to the dwelling of Perschiera Maraglio and is "Pescaria Insulae Curtis" in a document dated 905 from the monastery of Santa Giulia, for which there are four houses, of arable land, vines, a forest, a port and wells.
Then the clunacians set up a monastery there and began, around the year of 1000, the manufacture of networks, which thrived over the centuries that followed. The island first saw the birth of agricultural jungle in the highest positions and, later on, fishermen's hotels along the coast. Towards the 13TH century, in defense of the territory of Brescia, the Oldofredes built a castle (now a Martinengo rock, privately owned) there. It was finally transformed into fiefdom by the Republic of Venice.
The tradition of one of the fractions of the island is the Feast of St. Cross of Carzano, where the whole country is decorated with hand-made flowers and pine trees; the festival originated in 1836 to celebrate the end of a cholera epidemic.
Up until 1928 Montisland had two municipalities: Sivian and Peach Maraglio. Following the merger in 1929, the municipality was named Monte Isola, consisting of several localities: Siviano (primary and middle school municipal office and post office), Carzano, Novale, Porto of Siviano, Masse, Sinchignano, Olzano, Sensole, Peach Maraglio, Senzano, Cure.
Mount Island has a centuries - old tradition in the manufacture of fishing nets and the construction of wooden boats. Until the 1970s, it was one of the world's largest producers of fishing nets, but subsequently it was subject to fierce competition from Japanese industrial producers; However, it is still possible to see what remains of that noble artisanal tradition, especially in the town of Peschiera Maraglio.
Monuments and places of interest
- The shrine of Our Lady of the Ceriola, is on the top of the mountain overlooking the island, just above the Cure fraction. Built in 1500, probably on the remnants of a 11TH century chapel. Inside, you can see frescoes from the 16TH century and a golden wooden icon from the same period, with the figures of Our Lady with the St child. Faustino and Giovita; Also paintings of Angelo Paglia and Giovanni da Marone.
- St. Rocco's shrine.
There are numerous paths on the island to explore the territory on foot without encapsulating in two-wheeled vehicles. The most used path is that from the fishing vessel it rises to the shrine of Our Lady of the Ceriola. This is a path to 2.5 km and 350 meters of hiking difficulty. Once they reach the shrine, they can return from the same route taken to the outward or head for Olzano and return on a busy path in Peschiera. Alternatively, you can proceed to Calzano and return along the paved road that runs alongside the lake.
- The Feast of Our Lady of the Ceriola (2nd Sunday of July)
- Party lunch (late July, early August)
- Landscape Sagra with Naét competition in Peschiera Maraglio;
- The Feast of the Holy Cross of Carzano (five years, next edition: September 2021).
Cooking and traditions
A local feature is to dry out the perch, the pond (locally, but improperly, called sardines) and the tree on the wooden arcs. The tradition of drying fish in the sun on special supports survives even in the name Archetti, the most common on the island.
Monte Island does not only have a fish kitchen, but in hillside fractions (especially in Masse and Cure) large-grain salami are produced.
- Fishing (a specialty of the island is dried lake sardines);
- Fishing net industry.
|April 24, 1995||June 14, 1999||Antonio Turla||center-left civic list||Mayor|
|June 14, 1999||June 8, 2009||Angelo Colose||Force Italy||Mayor|
|June 8, 2009||May 26, 2014||Pietro Giuseppe Ziliani||center-right civic list||Mayor|
|May 26, 2014||in office||Fiorello Turla||center-left civic list||Mayor|
View of the Sivian resort
Panorama of the lake from the Ceriola shrine
Saint Paul Island
View from the bergamasca shore
Former vote at the Ceriola shrine
The shrine of Our Lady of the Ceriola at the top of the island
Winter Aerial View of Monte Island
The Fortress of Monte Island